This page is information for students on curriculum for rank advancement in Taekwondo only. White to yellow belt, and yellow to orange belt information is available online. These are strictly examples and not the full curriculum. This is only a sample. The full curriculum for each rank is given to each student in person as they progress.
10th - 1st gup (White Belt - Cho Dan Bo) & 1st dan (Black Belt *16 years and older only)
MARTIAL ARTS: TAE KWON DO RANK
*YOU MUST WORK HARD AND KNOW THIS TO ADVANCE. YOU EARN YOUR RANK!
White Belt students (10th gup) must learn all of this to advance to Yellow Belt (9th gup)
PROPER MARTIAL ARTS ETIQUETTE
bowing, respect, entering the gym and getting ready to start class etc.
PUNCHES – jab, cross, hook, upper-cut (boxing)
straight punching both hands body and face level both (Tae Kwon Do)
KICKS – front kick, round kick, side kick, push kick, axe kick
KNEES – raising up, pushing forward (right and left knees)
ELBOW – |right horizontal| |right downward| |right upward|
|left horizontal | |left downward | |left upward |
|diagonal elbows: up/down| |thrusting elbows: right/left/backward|
KNIFE HAND – inward knifehand, outward knifehand
OTHER STRIKES: spear hand strike, throat strike, palm strike
down/low block, high/up block, inward/in/inside body block,
out/outside/outward/side body block, palm blocking,
single knife hand blocking, leg checks – right and left legs (raising the leg up)
PROPER STANCES AND MOVEMENT
FIGHTING STANCE: advance, side step (right and left), retreat (backing up)
TRADITIONAL STANCES: horse stance, short front stance, long front stance,
back stance, (must be able to move forward and backward in these stances)
ready stance, stand at attention
#1 same side wrist grab escape #2 opposite arm wrist grab escape
ONE STEP SPARRING DRILLS
#1 step left palm block counter #2 step right outward knife hand block counter
#1 AVOID ROUND KICK - retreat back down block, then counter with round kick
#2 AVOID ROUND KICK – front leg check, then counter with a jab to the face
#1 front kick, round kick, axe kick
#2 side kick, axe kick, round kick
#1 between thumb and index finger near mouth of the hand
# 2 behind the jaw pushing forward
Basic Motion Set (straight line going forward, then turn around 180degrees and go back shaped like “|”)
Kicho Il Bu Hyung (Kicho 1)
Kicho Yi Bu Hyung (Kicho 2) *all three of these forms are in the shape of a capital “I”
Kicho Sam Bu Hyung (Kicho 3)
1 minute of sparring
bow = kyung-nae
gym = dojang
kick = chagi
punch = ji-ruh-gi
block = mocky
form = poomsae, hyung
down block = arah-mocky
high block = al-gul-mocky
inward block = ahn-mocky (or momtong-mocky)
outward block = yup-mocky
front kick = up-chagi
side kick = yup chagi
uniform = dobak
ready stance = choonbi
horse stance = chachoom su-gi
7 = il-gulp
1 – hana
5 – dasot
9 – ah-hop
3 – set
2 – duel
4 – net
8 – yoh-duel
6 – yasot
10 – yuel *must be able to count 1-10 in Korean*
The meaning of Tae Kwon Do: The way of smashing with the feet and hands
tae – smashing with feet kwon – smashing with hands do – way/philosophy
Side kick - 1 inch pine board.
HISTORY AND FACTS
What are Martial Arts? Martial Arts are various systems of combat used for self-defense and also times of war. They are used to protect people, protect nations, prevent enemies from causing harm, and for self preservation. A Martial Artist will use techniques to defend against attacks while causing appropriate damage to the attacker in a life-threatening-or socially violent situation. Martial Arts should be used to defend one-self, your family, friends, and country. A Martial Artist knows when to use appropriate force. Martial Arts techniques are dangerous and can seriously injure a person including death. Such outcomes ONLY occur in the most extreme circumstances. A true Martial Artist knows when to use and when to not use certain techniques. Martial Arts should never be used to show off, impress people, or bully a person. Misusing Martial Arts goes against the very nature of what it means to be a warrior, or a man or woman of respect and honor. The black belt symbolizes mastery of the basics of a style as well as maturity both mentally and physically.
Martial means military; inclined or disposed to war; warlike; of, suitable for, or associated with war or the armed forces; characteristic of or befitting a warrior
Art means the quality, production, expression, or realm, according to aesthetic principles, of what is beautiful, appealing, or of more than ordinary significance. Skills and techniques of such.
So Martial Arts express and display such military and warrior-like skills.
There are also sports based on Martial Arts such as Boxing, Kickboxing, Olympic Taekwondo, Mixed Martial Arts, and more. Sport fighting allows people to practice and compete against other fighters using certain techniques without the purposes of fatal consequences. There are rules involved to allow for certain techniques while protecting the fighter’s safety as well as safety gear.
What is Taekwondo? A Korean Martial Art system of striking and blocking with the feet and hands. Taekwondo emphasizes kicking. Taekwondo is a hand-to-hand fighting/combat system for self-defense developed and established by Koreans in 1955.
10 original kwans (or schools) of martial arts came together and created the name Taekwondo to specialize in a Korean way of fighting. Taekwondo is heavily based on Japanese Karate (most notably Shotokan Karate), as well as northern Chinese Kung Fu (most likely Bajiquan) and indigenous Korean styles. The Imperial Japanese took over Korea in the Pacific War and destroyed much of their culture including Korean Martial Arts and would not allow Koreans to study their own Martial Arts. Instead the Japanese forced Koreans and only allowed privileged Koreans to travel to Japan to study academics. These people were allowed to train in only Japanese styles (the Korean styles are said to be based on ideas of Korean styles going back over 2,000 years). Much of the information was lost, but the primary Korean style that Taekwondo is based on is Subak (this is a medievil age military art that no longer was officially practiced, but techniques existed). Another indigenous style called Taekkyeon which is a Korean kicking style developed into a folk-sport from ancient techniques for villagers to compete against each other at estivals. Along side that combat sport was Ssireum, which is a folk-style of Korean wrestling similar to Japanese Sumo but competely different. Taekkyeon practice ended near the end of the Jeoson Dynasty in the early 1900's. Taekwondo is not influenced by this art, but the name is similar and the spirit of Korean identity was borrowed from this concept to promote Taekwondo. Taekkyeon has since been reclaimed and has developed independently in Korea along side Taekwondo.
The national martial art of Korea, which is Taekwondo was developed to perfect Karate better than the Japanese who once occupied their homeland. The original Taekwondo masters studied Martial Arts such as Karate, Judo, Jujitsu (Japan) Kung Fu, Chuan Fa, Bajiquan, Tai Chi (China) Hapkido, Tang Soo Do, Subak, and "in spirit only" Taekkyeon (Korea). Taekwondo has various striking and blocks with kicks, punches, knees, elbows, and some throws and joint locks with pressure point attacks. Taekwondo is also an Olympic sport and was inducted into the Olympic Games in 2000. Taekwondo also has poomsae competitions and board breaking competitions. The sport form of Taekwondo sparring is a game with only kicks, body punches, and blocks allowed. Taekwondo is a Martial Arts system for self defense first and foremost, and is an Olympic sport second. The Taekwondo practitioner needs to acknowledge this.
The Kukkiwon is the World headquarters for Korean Taekwondo and gives out black belt rankings worldwide. The Kukkiwon is recognized and approved by the Korean government. Kukkiwon Taekwondo is the original Taekwondo style. The World Taekwondo Federation (WTF) is the governing body for tournament competition and is the only organization that oversees the Olympic Taekwondo games. The WTF works together with the Kukkiwon and only allows Kukkiwon poomsae for tournament competitions.
There are other organizations for Taekwondo, most notably the International Taekwon-Do Federation founded by the late General Choi Hong Hi who left Korea for Canada and eventually North Korea. He branched away from the early Korean Taekwondo Association. It can be said that ITF is the angry little brother of the KTA/WTF/Kukkiwon because of political strife within Taekwondo. There have been efforts to combine both the ITF and WTF/Kukkiwon together but with no success. The ITF has since split into 4 groups all claiming to be the real ITF. South Korea has recently made diplomatic efforts to appease ITF people and acknowledged General Choi as one of the founders of Taekwondo.The Taekwondo we train in is the Kukkiwon system. We practice WTF approved Kukkiwon forms.
Your instructor Master Andrew Allwander is a 4th dan black belt in Taekwondo and licensed master instructor with over 21 years of training experience. He also has various knowledge in other martial arts styles. He has earned the rank of Level 2 Basic Level Instructor in Ensayo Kali Tactical system of Filipino martial arts. He has knowledge from Judo, Japanese Jujitsu, Brazilian Jiu Jitsu, Muay Thai, Boxing, Kickboxing, Karate; all though he is NOT ranked in any other style except Taekwondo and Kali. The class you train in focuses on Taekwondo and Kickboxing (Kyeoktuki) for self defense and dabbles in ideas from these other systems. The only rank you will earn in this class is Taekwondo rank (and in special circumstances Kali rank), but you will have other knowledge that will benefit and be supplemental to your training.
Yellow Belt students (9th gup) must learn all of this to advance to Orange Belt (8th gup)
5 Tenets of Taekwondo
PUNCHES – vertical punch, overhand punch,
KICKS – hook kick, back kick, hopping/skipping kicks (round, side, axe, hook, front, push)
KNEES – arching inward knees, round knees (right and left knees)
BACKFISTS – outside backfist, forward/down backfist
HAMMER FISTS – outward hammer, downward hammer
OTHER STRIKES: single knuckle strikes, finger jabs
KNIFEHANDS – Inward knife hand block, outward knife hand block, downward knife hand block, double knife hand blocking
FOREARMS - Single outside forearm block
Backwards fall forwards fall sideways fall (right and left) front roll fall
forward summersault backwards summersault
#3 same side arm grab #4 double lapel (shirt) grab with both hands
ONE STEP SPARRING DRILLS
#3 step left, outside forearm block, round kick then punch to the body
#4 step right, and sidekick then punch to the body
#3 AVOID ROUND KICK – Counter with back kick
#4 AVOID ROUND KICK – Front leg sidekick counter
#3 round kick, back kick, axe kick
#4 push kick, hopping round kick, back kick
#3 radial nerve (inside forearm on the bone) # 4 carotid artery on the side of the neck
Tae Geuk Il Jang
Pal Gae Il Jang
2 minutes of sparring
flags – kookyae
go/start - sijahk
stop - gomahn
yell – kiap
hook kick - hoolagi chagi
back kick – dwe chagi
self defense – hoshinsool
one step sparring – il bu dae ryun
20 – so meul
1st, 2nd, 3rd – il, yi, sam
sparring – kyorugi
grade - gup
bah ro – return to starting position
about face - dwi uro dorah
sugoh – had a good workout
hello – onyong ha saeyoh
goodbye (staying) – onyong ha kah sayo
goodbye (leaving) – onyong ha kay sayo
Front kick - 1 inch pine board.